Robot (2010 Movies)
Director:- S. Shankar
Producer:- Kalanithi Maran
Music by:- A. R. Rahman
- 1 October 2010
Budget:- ₹1.32 Billion (US$21 Million)
Box office:- ₹289 Crore (US$45 Million)
After a decade of research, the scientist Vaseegaran creates a sophisticated android robot with the help of his assistants, Siva and Ravi, to commission it into the Indian Army. He introduces the robot, named Chitti, at a robotics conference in Chennai. Chitti helps Sana, Vaseegaran’s medical student girlfriend, cheat in her examination, then saves her from being assaulted by a group of thugs. Vaseegaran’s mentor, Professor Bohra, is secretly engaged in a project to create similar android robots for a terrorist organisation, but has so far been unsuccessful.
Vaseegaran prepares Chitti for an evaluation by the Artificial Intelligence Research and Development (AIRD) Institute, which is headed by Bohra. During the evaluation, Chitti attempts to stab Vaseegaran at Bohra’s command, which convinces the evaluation committee that the robot is a liability and cannot be used for military purposes. Vaseegaran’s effort to prove Bohra wrong fails when he deploys Chitti to rescue people from a burning building. The robot saves most of them, including a girl named Selvi who was bathing at the time, but she is ashamed at being seen naked on camera and flees, only to be hit and killed by a truck. Vaseegaran asks for one month to modify Chitti’s neural schema to enable it to understand human behaviour and emotions, to which Bohra agrees. While nearing the deadline, Chitti becomes angry with Vaseegaran, demonstrating to him that it can manifest emotions.
Chitti uses Sana’s textbooks to successfully help Sana’s sister Latha give birth to a child. Bohra congratulates Vaseegaran on the achievement and allows Chitti to pass the AIRD evaluation. Chitti develops romantic feelings for Sana after she congratulates Chitti by kissing it. When Vaseegaran and Sana realise this, Sana explains to Chitti that they are only friends. Saddened by Sana’s rejection, yet still in love with her, Chitti deliberately fails an evaluation conducted by the Indian Army. Enraged, Vaseegaran chops Chitti into pieces, which are dumped by Siva and Ravi into a landfill site.
Bohra visits the site to retrieve Chitti, which has now reassembled itself, albeit in a damaged state. Bohra embeds a red chip inside Chitti while reconstructing it, converting it into a ruthless killer. It then gatecrashes Vaseegaran and Sana’s wedding, kidnaps Sana, creates replicas of itself and kills Bohra. Using its robot army, Chitti occupies AIRD and causes mayhem in the city. After informing Sana that it has acquired the human ability to reproduce, Chitti wishes to marry her so that a machine and a human being can give birth to a preprogrammed child, but Sana refuses. It eventually finds Vaseegaran, who entered AIRD to stop it, and nearly kills him before the police appear. The ensuing battle between Chitti’s robot army and the police personnel leads to many casualties and much property destruction. Vaseegaran eventually captures Chitti using a magnetic wall and accesses its internal control panel, whereby he instructs all the other robots to self-destruct. He removes Chitti’s red chip, calming it.
In a court hearing, Vaseegaran is sentenced to death for the casualties and damages caused by the robot army, but Chitti explains that it was Bohra who caused its deviant behaviour and shows the court video footage of Bohra installing the red chip. The court releases Vaseegaran, while ordering that Chitti be dismantled. Left with no choice, Vaseegaran asks Chitti to dismantle itself. While saying goodbye, Chitti apologises to Vaseegaran and Sana before dismantling itself.
The film’s setting then shifts to 2030. Chitti is now a museum exhibit. A curious school student on excursion asks her guide why it was dismantled, to which Chitti responds, “Naan sinthikka arambichen” (English: I started thinking).
- Rajinikanth as Vaseegaran and Chitti
- Aishwarya Rai as Sana
- Danny Denzongpa as Professor Bohra
- Santhanam as Siva
- Karunas as Ravi
- Cochin Haneefa as the traffic police officer
- Kalabhavan Mani as Pachaimuthu
- Delhi Kumar as Vaseegaran’s father
- Raaghav as the neighbourhood bully
- Devadarshini as Latha, Sana’s sister
- Revathi Sankaran as Vaseegaran’s mother
- Sabu Cyril as Shah
- Sugunthan as Police Inspector
- Shriya Sharma as the curious student
- Chaams as one of the barbers working at The Park Hotel
Impressed with the film’s script, V. Srinivas Mohan became the visual effects supervisor in December 2007. He asked Shankar to increase the filming schedules by six months to include pre-production requirements. Both Mohan and Shankar visited several visual effects companies, including the New Zealand-based Weta Digital and the United States-based Industrial Light & Magic, Cafe FX and Tippett Studio before partnering with Legacy Effects. The original Eros-Ayngaran visual effects budget was ₹700 million, but after Sun Pictures took over production, it was significantly reduced to ₹200 million. As a result, the visual effects team had to omit and alter some sequences, making Chitti wear sunglasses for most of the film to reduce the cost and difficultly of animating his eyes.
After a series of previsualisation tests, including a scene in which Chitti jumps on a train to save Sana, Mohan eventually decided to use the technique in 40 out of the 60 visual effects scenes featured in the film, consisting of 2,000 takes. Further previsualisation supervision was conducted by P. C. Sanath of Firefly Creative Studios, a visual effects company based in Hyderabad. 3D storyboards were constructed using 3D animation programs for every scene in the film and were shot from different angles. In an interview with Malathi Rangarajan of The Hindu, Mohan said that all the pre-production work took one and a half years to complete.
Rathnavelu used the 435 Xtreme camera and also wrote a 1,600-page manual, in which he listed all of the possible angles from which the characters played by Rajinikanth could be filmed. Legacy Effects and the Hong Kong-based visual effects companies Kinomotive Studios and Menfond Electronics took responsibility for the film’s CGI work. To create the robots with Rajinikanth’s appearance, a complete scan of his face in 3D digital format in all possible lighting conditions was conducted using the Doom Light Stage, so that his face could be replicated on the mannequins. The technique, according to Shankar, was previously used in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008). The robot Chitti featured in the film was a mannequin made by a Legacy Effects team of 100 technicians in Los Angeles. For every robotic mannequin used, six puppeteers were employed to control the mannequin’s movements.
For Enthiran’s soundtrack and score, A. R. Rahman made use of the Continuum Fingerboard, an instrument he had experimented with previously in the song “Rehna Tu” from Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra‘s drama film Delhi-6 (2009). The film also marked the debut of Rahman’s daughter Khatija as a playback singer.
The soundtrack album to Enthiran was released on 31 July 2010 at the Putrajaya International Convention Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Tamil and Telugu versions were released by Think Music, while the Hindi version was released by Venus Music. Think Music purchased the release rights of the Tamil and Telugu versions of the album for ₹70 million. The album of the film’s Telugu version, Robo, was released on 6 August 2010, while its Hindi version, Robot, was released on 14 August 2010. After the second day of release, the album’s Tamil version reached the number one position in the Top 10 World Albums chart on iTunes, making it the first Tamil album to do so.
Reviewing the album’s Tamil version, Divya Kumar of The Hindu commented that “with its blend of melody, trance and rhythm, Enthiran – The Robot sounds like a winner”. Pavithra Srinivasan of Rediff.com rated the Tamil version of the album three out of five and commented that, “Endhiran is, in fact, a perfect superstar album. Where the collection does manage to veer from the usual, Rahman has managed to add his own quirky, creative notes to the songs.” However, IANS gave the Hindi version two out of five stars, concluding that “On the whole, the music of Robot does not appeal. They may suit the script of the sci-film, but the audio is not impressive.”
Business Line reported that Enthiran grossed ₹580 million from all versions in the opening weekend, and The Economic Times stated it earned ₹1.17 billion by the end of its opening week. According to a February 2015 report by Hindustan Times, the film has grossed ₹2.56 billion worldwide in its lifetime. Indo-Asian News Service stated in July 2015 that the film grossed ₹2.90 billion from both its original and dubbed versions. Enthiran became the top-earning Indian film of 2010 ahead of My Name Is Khanand Dabangg and became the highest grossing Tamil film of all time at that point.
As of May 2017, Enthiran is the fourth highest-grossing South Indian film of all time after S. S. Rajamouli‘s two-part historical fiction films Baahubali 2: The Conclusion (2017) and Baahubali: The Beginning (2015), and Pa. Ranjith‘s gangster film Kabali (2016). Box Office India estimated that Enthiran grossed ₹1.95 billion nett across India with the Tamil version grossing ₹1.20 billion, the Telugu version grossing ₹530 million and the Hindi version grossing ₹220 million. The website estimated the overseas earnings of the film (including its dubbed versions) at approximately $12 million as of November 2010 with the Tamil version grossing $11 million and the remaining $1 million coming in from the Telugu and Hindi versions. Enthiran collected ₹1.005 billion in Tamil Nadu alone, a record it held for seven years before it was surpassed by Baahubali 2: The Conclusion, which grossed ₹1.204 billion.
At the 58th National Film Awards, Enthiran won for Best Special Effects and Best Production Design. It won in three categories at the 58th Filmfare Awards South for Best Cinematographer, Best Art Director and Best Costume Design. At the 5th Vijay Awards, it was nominated in fourteen categories and won in seven, including Best Villain and Favourite Hero for Rajinikanth, Favourite Film and Favourite Director. At the 17th Screen Awards, the film won awards under the Best Special Effects and Spectacular Cutting Edge Technology categories.
In September 2015, writer Jeyamohan announced that the pre-production stage of a sequel to Enthiran was “going on in full swing” and that principal photography would commence once Rajinikanth finished filming for Kabali, by the end of that year. Nirav Shah would be the cinematographer and A. R. Rahman would return as music director, while Muthuraj would handle the art direction. The sequel would be shot in 3D, unlike its predecessor which was shot in 2D and converted to 3D in post-production. Titled 2.0, the film entered production in December 2015, for a scheduled 2018 release. The film stars Rajinikanth, reprising his role as Dr. Vaseegaran and Chitti with the additional cast played by Akshay Kumar and Amy Jackson. Resul Pookutty, the sound designer for 2.0 revealed in June 2016 that the film would not be a sequel, but serve as a spiritual successor.